How does CBD work?
In recent years, an increasing number of people are becoming aware of CBD and learning more and more about its uses. Most people now understand that CBD is a non-psychoactive compound found in the cannabis plant – meaning it doesn’t get you ‘high’ the way that THC does – and that it delivers a wide range of health benefits. But how exactly it does all of this is still a mystery to many.
Let’s take a look at the specifics, without getting too technical.
How does CBD work in the Brain?
The human brain contains an enormous amount of cells used to communicate information between different parts of the body called neurons. When one neuron needs to communicate with another, it releases a neurotransmitter chemical that binds to the second neuron via a receptor structure called a synapse. For two neurons to communicate, they must have corresponding receptors to which the neurotransmitters can attach.
Receptors are what intake information from neurotransmitters like dopamine and serotonin that send signals to our bodies to regulate things like mood, hunger, and sleep. Sometimes, however, this chain of communication is broken or damaged, disrupting the body’s ability to regulate itself. In other words, communications aren’t being sent or received, usually due to a lack of the necessary neurotransmitters. These damages can be caused by a number of factors, rooting from a variety of causes.
As it turns out, brain receptors can interact with transmitters introduced from outside the body. This is where cannabis compounds (like CBD and THC) come in. While both of these compounds – called cannabinoids – affect receptors when ingested or smoked, only THC affects receptors (called CB1 and CB2) that produce a psychoactive effect. CBD has an indirect influence that involves encouraging the body to create more of the cannabinoid neurotransmitters that it naturally produces by inhibiting the enzymes that break them down. Yes, you read that right, our bodies actually produce their own type of cannabinoids.
To simplify that, if your body experiences problems regulating itself due to low neurotransmitter levels, CBD can be introduced to boost those levels and facilitate communication.
CBD can positively affect the body in many ways.
If that all seems like a complex system to understand, that’s because it is. But here’s another way to put it – when your body is having trouble regulating itself, CBD can often help.
Studies have shown that CBD can help regulate mood, alleviate depression or anxiety, limit or increase hunger, combat PTSD, and regulate the body in numerous other ways.